The countryside into which Salzburg is embadded further its appeal. The two wooded city mountains divided by the blue band of the flowing river Salzach provide splendid vantage points to the city.
The first settlements date back to the Stone Age. The heyday of the salt mining was from 800-400 BC during the time of the Celts. The Celtic principality Noricum comes into being from parts of what are today the provinces of salzburg, Tyrol, Carnithia and Upper Austria. It is economically and culturally highly developed and enjoys trade relations with the Holy Roman Empire.
Archbishop Gebhard 10 century later establishes the Hohensalzburg Fortress
The construction was begun in 1077 and up to the 17th century it was constantly being enlarged and fortified with towers, bastions, wals, and entrenchments. The fortress achived its present day form under Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach in the 15th century.
Today the Hohensalzburg Fortress is the largest and the best preserved citadel in Europe. At No.9 Getreidegasse, on 27 January 1756, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, the famous composer was born. Mozart's father Leopold was Archiepiscopal Court Music Director and had rented the apartment on the third floor.
The house is now owned by the Mozareteum Foundation and today houses an exhibition of pictures and documents of the Mozart family as well as instruments that belonged to Mozart, for example his harpsichord, the violin he played as a small child. Other rooms show an exhibit about Mozart and the theatre, as well as the middle class style of decor during Mozart's
Get to know Salzburg
To get to know Salzburg, you should take a time. Walk over the Moenchsberg or the splendour or the Kapzinerberg and see the city from all sides.
Stroll comfortably through the little alleys, slowly take in the splendour of the magnificent buildings or visit some of the many museums.
Eating and Drinking in Salzburg: You'll find every category of restaurant and innr , from top gourment restaurants to fast food spots. Typical Austrian specialities are served above all.